If you are looking for a break away from the concrete jungle, few things bring you as close to nature as forests. The wonder of being surrounded by ancient trees, unique wildlife, and exciting fauna and flora is not only a feast for the eyes but good for the soul.
When it comes to the world’s largest forest, these forests’ sheer magnitude and importance are hard to imagine.
Amazon Rainforest, South America
Conquering a size of 5,5 million km², the Amazon Rainforest is considered the world’s largest forest. Located in South America, this magnificent forest is also known as Amazonia and the Amazon Jungle. The rainforest is surrounded by nine nations, including Venezuela, Bolivia, Suriname, Brazil, Peru, Columbia, Guyana, Ecuador, and French Guiana.
More than 350 different ethnicities live in the Amazon Rainforest, thanks to its immense size. When it comes to plants, the rainforest is home to an incredible 40,000 species of plants. The rainforest also provides shelter to a large number of wildlife, including 2,5 million insect types, 2,200 fish species, 1,300 different kinds of birds, 427 mammal types, and 430 different species of amphibians.
The Amazon Rainforest is of great importance because it provides a safe environment for humans, animals, and plants and because it offers 20% of our planet’s oxygen. As a result, various environmental groups are protecting this splendid forest’s rights and safety, hoping to keep it safe and healthy for generations to come. It is probably the most well-known rainforest in the world.
Congo Rainforest, Africa
Standing at an immense 3 million km², the Congo Rainforest is the second largest forest in the world. Located in Africa, the Congo Rainforest is surrounded by six countries, including Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, the Republic of Congo, Gabon, the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, also known as DRC.
The Congo Rainforest homes an outstanding selection of 600 different kinds of trees. It also has impressive wildlife with at least 10,000 different animal species living in the Congo Rainforest. The rainforest also has more than 1,000 bird species, making it a natural bird paradise. In addition, the Congo Rainforest features the Congo River, which is the second-largest river in Africa.
Wildlife enthusiasts widely support the Congo Rainforest because of the presence of the Congo Basin. The Congo Basin is home to three gorilla species, including the endemic eastern lowland gorilla, the lowland gorilla, and the endangered mountain gorilla. These gorillas are endangered, and the Congo Rainforest provides a haven for them where they are kept safe and healthy.
Valdivian Temperate Rainforest, South America
Although the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest comes in at a significantly smaller size of 248,100 km², it is still an outstandingly large and fantastic forest. It is the third-largest forest in the world. Located in South America, the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest is surrounded by Argentina and Chile.
The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest is unique since it homes both temperate broadleaf species and species of mixed forest. In addition, a variety of exotic plants flourish in this rainforest, including species of eucalyptus and pine. It offers a fantastic selection of exotic plants woven together to create jaw-droppingly beautiful scenery.
The rainforest is also home to several exotic animal species, including the kodkod, the smallest cat found in South America. The southern pudú, the world’s tiniest deer, also lives in the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest. Other exotic animals that live in the rainforest include nalca and chusquea quila. Another factor that sets it apart is that it’s the only rainforest in the world to host glaciers.
Tongass National Forest, North America
Standing at 68,000 km², the Tongass is one of the most extensive forests in the world. Located in Southeast Alaska, the Tongass National Forest is the USA’s largest national forest. Touching the Great Bear Rainforest in Canada, the excellent Tongass National Forest makes up a significant part of the world’s most extensive temperate rainforest system that remains intact today.
Since it is a temperate rainforest, Tongass National Forest is home to a variety of endangered species of plants and animals. Along with plants and animals, however, it homes 75,000 people. The Tongass National Forest offers an incredible selection of landscapes with glaciers, islands, and mountains, making it one of its kind.
Wildlife enthusiasts love this forest because it homes the highest number of bald eagles in the world. There are also many species of wolves, brown bears, black bears, moose, hair seals, porpoises, sea otters, humpback whales, killer whales, and mountain goats. With such a variety of plant and animal life, it isn’t surprising that the Tongass National Forest is a popular tourist destination. The US offers incredible natural beauty with scenic National Parks that will amaze any nature lover.
Rainforest of Xishuangbanna
Standing at 19,223 km², the Rainforest of Xishuangbanna is the largest forest in Asia. Located in China, the rainforest comprises at least 16% of the plant diversity in China, containing at least 5,000 vascular plant species. The conditions that the forest provides are ideal for exotic plants and animals to flourish.
The Rainforest of Xishuangbanna is of great importance to China’s ecosystems since it is home to a large percentage of China’s amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The Rainforest of Xishuangbanna also homes some of the world’s rarest species, including green peacocks, Asian elephants, and Indo-Chinese tigers.
The Rainforest of Xishuangbanna is unique in its composition. This rainforest comprises three different kinds of vegetation, and it is divided into three categories based on this. The categories include the tropical seasonal rainforest, the tropical rainforest vegetation, and the tropical montane rainforest. The variety that this rainforest provides makes it a popular tourist destination with visitors coming from all over the world.
Consisting of 10,000 km² of forest, Sundarbans is the sixth-largest forest globally and the largest forest in India. Sundarbans is located between the Khulna Division of Bangladesh and the Indian region of West Bengal. It homes a great variety of plants and wildlife since it is a mangrove forest.
Sundarbans hosts 290 bird species, eight species of amphibians, 120 fish species, 35 reptiles species, and 45 species of mammals. The forest hosts several endangered species, including king crabs, royal Bengal tigers, hawksbill sea turtles, northern river terrapins, ground turtles, olive ridley sea turtles, Gangetic dolphins, and estuarine crocodiles.
Sunderbans is essential to Bangladesh’s economy since it is the most significant source of forest produce. Therefore, Bangladesh dramatically depends on the forest to provide. It is supported by several wildlife support groups who are eager to provide the best homes for the endangered animals that live in Sunderbans.
Daintree Forest, Australia
Coming in at 1,200 km², Daintree Forest is Australia’s largest forest and the seventh-largest forest globally. The forest was named after an Australian Geologist and photographer named Richard Daintree. The forest is located in Queensland on the North-East coast. Estimated to be an outstanding 135 million years old, the Daintree Rainforest is the oldest in the world.
The Daintree Rainforest is such a remarkable historic landmark that it is listed as a world heritage site. This rainforest features incredible scenery, including mountains and valleys that are covered in forest and lush vines. The beautiful backdrop that the Daintree Rainforest provides makes it no surprise that the photographer Richard Daintree fell in love with it.
Daintree Rainforest is a popular destination for tourists who enjoy the splendor of nature. The forest has an impressive 400,000 visitors a year. Visitors are amazed by the scenery and enjoy the wildlife that lives in the rainforest, including birds, insects, reptiles, fish, mammals, and frogs.
Kinabalu National Park, Malaysia
Standing at 754 km², the Kinabalu National Park is the first world heritage site in Malaysia. It was established in 1964, and it is home to a great selection of plants and wildlife, with over 4,500 plant species, 100 species of mammals, and 326 species of birds.
The Kinabalu National Park has a fantastic variety of stunted bushes, alpine meadow plants, montane oak, rhododendron, and coniferous trees because the park ranges over four different climate zones.
This park homes two species of endemic animals that are unique to the region. The Kinabalu Giant Earthworm and the Kinabalu Giant Red Leech can only be found here because they flourish in the unique climate and conditions that the park provides.
Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka
Coming in at 111.9 km², the Sinharaja Forest Reserve is one of the world’s most extensive forests, and it is the largest forest in Sri Lanka. UNESCO designated it as a World Heritage and Biosphere Reserve.
The Department of Forest Conservation governs the Reserve that was established in 1978. Sinharaja Forest Reserve is home to at least half of Sri Lanka’s endemic butterfly species; species of amphibians, bird species, snakes, and fish species.
The reserve hosts at least 95% of the endemic species of birds, making it essential for the species’ survival. The Sinharaja Forest Reserve provides a habitat and livelihood for a significant percentage of the local population that resides at the reserve’s borders. In addition, the reserve contributes in vital proportions to the economy of Sri Lanka.
Mindo-Nambillo Cloud Forest, South America
Standing at 86 km², the Mindo forest is one of the most extensive forests in the world and the largest in South America. It is a cloud forest that homes more than 450 different bird species.
The Mindo forest is the habitat of a tribal community called the Yumbo-Nigua people. This tribe lives in the forest and finds all their livelihood within the forest. Thus, it is a critical ecological location in South America.
The Mindo forest is also one of the most prominent tourist destinations in South America. Visitors are amazed by the great variety of orchids that the forest provides, with more than 4,500 different varieties. The Mindo forest also homes many other plant species, including hill red peppers, cedro trees, the ortiga, arrayan, canelo, and plants like berries aguacatillo.
The world offers excellent gifts filled with nature, scenery, and spectacular beauty.
These ten most extensive forests in the world don’t just stand out because of their immense size, but because of their wonder and the value they add to our lives.